Spanish Assignment 6

 22 July 02:42   

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    While the accountable of a book initiates an activity (the verb), the

    direct item is the one that is afflicted by the action. A direct

    object pronoun is acclimated to accredit to the absolute item of a antecedent sentence:

    

    

    

    

    

    


     El chico appear la manzana.

     El la come.

    


     The boy eats the angel .

     He eats it .

    


    The afterward table shows the six types of absolute item pronouns:

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    
Subject

     Object
English
yome me
tute you
ello him/it
ellalaher/it
ustedlo/layou
nosotrosnos us, we
vosotrosos you (plural)
elloslosthem (masculine)
ellaslasthem (feminine)
ustedeslos/lasyou


    Note: In Spain, le and les are acclimated as the adult absolute item pronoun alone if apropos to people. If the anterior of a absolute item is adult but non-human, lo or los are acclimated instead. In alotof additional Spanish speaking places, lo and los are acclimated instead of le and les.

    An aberrant item is an item that would be asked for with

    To whom...? or From whom...?. It is alleged aberrant because

    it occurs usually calm with a absolute item which is afflicted directly

    by the action:

    

    

    

    

    

    


     La mujer da una manzana al chico.

     La mujer le da una manzana.

    


     The woman gives an angel to the boy .

     The woman gives him an apple.

    


    The angel is accustomed by the woman (direct). The boy gets

    the accustomed angel (indirect - depends on the angel getting given).

    Here is a table with all of the Spanish aberrant item pronouns:

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    
Subject

     Aberrant Object
English
yome to/from me
tute to/from you
el/ella/ustedle to/from him/her/you
nosotros/nosotrasnos to/from us
vosotros/vosotrasos to/from you
ellos/ellas/ustedesles to/from them/you


    So far we accept alone apparent sentences with one item pronoun. If there is

    both a absolute and an aberrant item pronoun, the aberrant pronoun usually comes

    first:

    

    

    


    Te compro una bicicleta .

    Te la compro.

    


    I buy you a bike.

    I buy it for you.

    


    Also, if both item pronouns are in the third being (either atypical or plural),

    the aberrant pronoun changes from le/les to se:

    

    

    


    El profesor le da unos libros.

    El profesor se los da.

    


    The assistant gives her the books.

    The assistant gives them to her.

    


    In sentences that accommodate an infinitive or a participle, the object

    pronoun may be either placed afore the conjugated verb or it

    maybe absorbed to the infinitive/participle:

    

    

    


    Carmen puede cantar el himno nacional.

    Carmen puede cantarlo. or Carmen lo puede cantar.

    


    Carmen can sing the civic anthem.

    Carmen can sing it.

    


    It is accessible to accept the two rules aloft alive at the aforementioned time: A combination

    of absolute and aberrant pronouns that is absorbed to an infinitive/participle:

    

    

    


    Quiero mostrarte una casa.

    Quiero mostrartela.

    


    I wish to appearance you a house.

    I wish to appearance it to you.

    


    Exercise:

    In Spain and several additional countries, comida is the midday meal.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    
Las comidas The commons
el desayuno breakfast
desayunar, tomar desayuno to accept breakfast
la comida (el almuerzo) lunch, capital meal
comer to eat, to lunch
la cena dinner
cenar to accept banquet


     

    In additional countries, for archetype Chile, comida is the endure meal in the day.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    
Las comidas The commons
el desayuno breakfast
desayunar, tomar desayuno to accept breakfast
el almuerzo lunch
almorzar to accept cafeteria
la comida (la cena) dinner, capital meal
comer (cenar) to eat, to accept dinner


    Instead of adage desayuno, comida y cena (Spain) or desayuno, almuerzo y comida (Chile, Colombia), its safer to say desayuno, almuerzo y cena.

     

    The chat comida has several meanings

     

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    
Las FrutasFruits
el platano (Spain, Chile, Peru)banana
la assistant
el banano
la cerezacherry
la guinda
el damascoapricot
el albaricoque (Spain)
el durazno (Sp. Am)peach
el melocoton (Spain)
la fresa strawberry
la frutilla (Chile, Argentina)
el kiwikiwi fruit
la manzana apple
la naranja orange
la pera pear
la pinapineapple
anana (f)
la uva grape
la ciruela plum


     

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    
Las Verduras Vegetables
la cebolla onion
la lechuga lettuce
las espinacasspinach
la ancestor (Sp. Am.) potato
la patata (Spain)
el pepino cucumber
el aguacate avocado
el tomate tomato
la zanahoria carrot
el zapallo (Chile, Argentina)pumpkin, squash
la calabaza (Spain)
las caraotasbeans
los frijoles
las alubias (Spain)


    Note that due to the common access of English, in some supermarkets there is a area alleged Vegetales instead of Verduras. They mistranslate vegetable, apathy that this is not the aforementioned as English vegetal (relating to plants).

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Tags: action, woman, spanish, spain, subject, breakfast, dinner, object

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